What Are the Different Types of Parenting Styles and... Why is it Important that You Know?
Many articles on different types of parenting styles have been written over the years
and the following four basic styles have stood the test of
time in guiding parents in understanding their own parental role and
Once you have a clear understanding of the different styles, it will be easier to define your own strategy
that fits with your personal value system.
As you read through these different types of parenting styles, think of yourself and what style you
seem to exercise. You may recognize a style of a friend or other
parent you know. Most parents find themselves to be a mixture of a
couple of different styles.
What fits for one parent or child may not necessarily be right for another.
I have pruned through a vast amount of information to provide you with a general understanding of the topic.
Four Basic Parenting Styles and Their Origin
The renowned clinical and developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind
in the mid 1960s studied the effects of parenting techniques and
determined different types of parenting styles could be grouped into
Forward 50 years, these same categories still exist today:
Authoritarian, Authoritative and Permissive.
The theory was later expanded by Maccoby & Martin(1983) to include;
Uninvolved, (also known as Neglectful Parenting)
Baumrind's studies were based on whether parents were either "High" or "Low" on the following two elements of parenting:
This refers to the degree in which the parent is responsive and supportive of the child's needs and demands.
The warmth and nurturing aspect of child-rearing
The degree of affectionate interaction
Interest in the child's daily activities
The fostering of individuality and self regulation
Consideration for the child's personal feelings
Respect for the child's point of view
This refers to the degree of parental control and expectations of more mature and responsible behaviour from a child.
The discipline and punishment approach used
Amount of monitoring of the child's behaviour and activities
Communication techniques applied
The Four Parenting Styles Defined
Authoritarian Parenting Style
"Authoritarian Parenting" is an extremely strict form of parenting
that expects a child to adhere to rules and regulations set out by the
parents with little to no input and communication from the child...
Continue reading about: "The Authoritarian Parenting Style"
Authoritative Parenting Style
"Authoritative parenting" is one that communicates in a warm, accepting
and nurturing manner, while maintaining firm expectations and
restrictions on their children's behaviour... Continue reading about:"The Authoritative Parenting Style"
Permissive Parenting Style (also referred to as Indulgent)
"Permissive Parenting" is an extremely relaxed approach where parents
are generally warm, nurturing and affectionate. However, they are
overly accepting of their children's behaviour, good or bad...Continue
reading about: "The Permissive Parenting Style"
Uninvolved Parenting Style (also called Neglectful)
"Uninvolved Parenting", as the name implies, the parent is totally
disengaged and emotionally uninvolved in their child's life. There is
little, if any expression of love and affection...Continue reading
about: "The Uninvolved Parenting Style"
Defining Your Own Parenting Style
Now that you have a general understanding of the different parenting
styles, you will find it easier to recognize your own parenting
techniques and what can be done to achieve different results.